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2016 CAASPP Paper-based Test Results

Help: Comparing Test Results

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Please exercise caution when comparing results. Scale scores for California Standards Test (CST) for Science, California Modified Assessment (CMA) for Science, California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA) for Science, and Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS) may be compared to scale scores for a prior year for the same subject, grade, and test. This allows users to say that performance for CST for science in grade five was higher or lower in 2015—16 compared with CST for science in grade five in 2014—15, for instance. However, scale scores for the same content for may not be compared across grades because scale scores are not vertically scaled, or scaled across grades.

Comparing CST Results

When comparing results for the CSTs, no direct comparisons should be made between grades. Two types of comparisons are possible: (1) comparing the mean scale score; or (2) comparing the percent of students scoring at each performance level. The viewer may compare results for the same grade and subject across years within a school, between schools, or between a school and its district, its county, or the state. When making comparisons, the viewer should consider comparing the percent of students scoring proficient and advanced. This is because the state target is for all students to score at or above proficient.

Comparing CMA Results

When comparing results for the CMA, no direct comparisons should be made between grades or between content areas. Two types of comparisons are possible: (1) comparing the mean scale score; or (2) comparing the percent of students scoring at each performance level. The viewer may compare results for the same grade and subject across years within a school, between schools, or between a school and its district, its county, or the state. When making comparisons, the viewer should consider comparing the percent of students scoring proficient and advanced. This is because the state target is for all students to score at or above proficient.

Comparing CAPA Results

When comparing results for the CAPA, no direct comparisons should be made between test levels or between content areas. Two types of comparisons are possible: (1) comparing the mean scale score; or (2) comparing the percent of students scoring at each performance level. The viewer may compare results for the same subject, grade, and CAPA level across years within a school, between schools, or between a school and its district, its county, or the state. When making comparisons, the viewer should consider comparing the percent of students scoring proficient and advanced. This is because the state target is for all students to score at or above proficient.

Comparisons may also be made for each CAPA level by calculating the overall percent of students within a school who scored proficient and advanced and comparing that percent to the overall percent of students in another school, the district, the county, or the state who scored proficient or advanced. To make a comparison of this kind, first calculate the number of students who scored proficient and advanced for the subject area at each grade and CAPA level ([%PRO + %ADV] x number tested for the grade and CAPA level and subject area = number scored PRO/ADV). Then add the number who scored PRO/ADV for all grades within that CAPA level and divide the sum by the total enrollment.

Comparing STS Results

When comparing results for the STS, no direct comparisons should be made between grades. In 2016, scale scores and performance levels are available for the STS for grades two through eleven. Two types of comparisons are possible: (1) comparing the mean scale score; or (2) comparing the percent of students scoring at each performance level. The viewer may compare results for the same grade and subject within a school, between schools, or between a school and its district, its county, or the state. When making comparisons, the viewer should consider comparing the percent of students scoring proficient and advanced. This is because the state target is for all students to score at or above proficient.