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2016 CAASPP Paper-based Test Results

Help: Term and Score Explanations

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Term and Score Explanations

Total Number Tested (Top of Report)
This is the number of students who were administered the CST, CMA, STS, or CAPA.

Total Number Tested in Selected Subgroup (Top of Report)
This is the number of students in the subgroup (selected by the viewer) who responded to any questions on the CST, CMA, STS or CAPA.

Students Tested
This is the number of students tested for the subject area reported (whether or not they received a score).

Students with Scores
This is the number of students who responded to enough questions on the CST, CMA, STS, or CAPA to receive a score. Students who tested with modifications are included in this number.

California Standards Test (CST) for Science

Mean Scale Score for CSTs
This is the arithmetic mean or average of the scale scores for all students who took each grade- and/or content-specific CST without modifications. The scale scores for each grade range between 150 (low) to 600 (high). Scale scores are used to equate the CST from year to year and to determine the performance levels. A portion of the CST questions are changed from year to year, and scale scores are used to adjust for any differences in the difficulty levels of the tests that result from this question replacement. While the average number of questions answered correctly should not be compared from year to year, scale scores and the percent of students scoring at each performance level may be compared within each grade level (e.g., grade five CST for science 2015 to grade five CST for science 2016).

% (of Students Who Scored at Each) Performance Level
California uses five performance levels to report student achievement on the CST:

  • Advanced: This level represents a superior performance. Students demonstrate a comprehensive and complex understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Proficient: This level represents a solid performance. Students demonstrate a competent and adequate understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Basic: This level represents a limited performance. Students demonstrate a partial and rudimentary understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Far below / below basic: This level represents a serious lack of performance. Students demonstrate little or a flawed understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

The percent of students who scored at each performance level on the CST for science are reported for schools, districts, counties, and the state.

The scale score that divides basic scores from below basic is 300 for every grade. The score that divides basic scores from proficient scores is 350 for every grade. Tables that include the score range for each grade level and performance level can be found on the Technical Report and Studies web page. The target is for all California students to score at proficient or above.

California Modified Assessment (CMA) for Science

Note: A student may take either the CST or the CMA in science.

Mean Scale Score
This is the arithmetic mean or average of the scale scores for all students who took each grade- and/or content-specific CMA. Scale scores are used to equate the CMA from year to year and to determine the performance levels. A portion of the CMA questions are changed from year to year, and scale scores are used to adjust for any differences in the difficulty levels of the tests that result from this question replacement.

% (of Students Who Scored at Each) Performance Level
California uses five performance levels to report student achievement on the CMA:
  • Advanced: This level represents a superior performance. Students demonstrate a comprehensive and complex understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Proficient: This level represents a solid performance. Students demonstrate a competent and adequate understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Basic: This level represents a limited performance. Students demonstrate a partial and rudimentary understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Far below / below basic: This level represents a serious lack of performance. Students demonstrate little or a flawed understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

The percent of students who scored at each performance level on the CMA science are reported for schools, districts, counties, and the state.

The scale score that divides basic scores from below basic is 300 for every grade. The score that divides basic scores from proficient scores is 350 for every grade. Tables that include the score range for each grade level and performance level can be found on the Technical Report and Studies web page. The target is for all California students to score at proficient or above.

California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA) for Science

Total Number Tested in CAPA
This is the number of students across all grades and CAPA levels who were assessed with the CAPA.

CAPA Level
There are four CAPA Levels in 2016: Level I is for students in grades five, eight, or ten with the most profound disabilities;; Level III is for students in grade five; Level IV is for students in grade eight; and Level V is for students in grade ten.

Mean Scale Score
This is the arithmetic mean, or average, of the scale scores for all students who took the CAPA for science at this grade (state results) or at this CAPA level (school, district, and county results). The scale scores for each grade and CAPA level range between 15 (low) to 60 (high). As with the CST, scale scores are used to equate the CAPA from year to year and to determine the performance levels. A portion of the CAPA tasks are changed from year to year, and scale scores are used to adjust for any differences in the difficulty levels of the assessments that result from this task replacement. While the average number of questions answered correctly should not be compared from year to year, scale scores and performance levels may be compared within each CAPA level.

% (of Students Who Scored at Each) CAPA Performance Level
As with the CST, the CAPA uses five performance levels: advanced, proficient, basic, below basic, and far below basic. The performance levels for each CAPA level are based on scale scores that range between 15 and 60. The score dividing the basic scores from below basic is 30 for every CAPA level. The score dividing basic scores from proficient scores is 35 for every CAPA level. Tables that include the score range for each CAPA level and performance level can be found on the Technical Report and Studies web page. The target is for all California students to score at proficient or above.

Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS)

Mean Scale Score
This is the arithmetic mean or average of the scale scores for all students who took each grade- and/or content-specific STS without modifications. Scale scores are used to equate the STS from year to year and to determine the performance levels. A portion of the STS questions are changed from year to year, and scale scores are used to adjust for any differences in the difficulty levels of the tests that result from this question replacement.

% (of Students Who Scored at Each) Performance Level
California uses five performance levels to report student achievement on the STS:

  • Advanced: This level represents a superior performance. Students demonstrate a comprehensive and complex understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Proficient: This level represents a solid performance. Students demonstrate a competent and adequate understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Basic: This level represents a limited performance. Students demonstrate a partial and rudimentary understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

  • Far below / below basic: This level represents a serious lack of performance. Students demonstrate little or a flawed understanding of the knowledge and skills measured by this assessment, at this grade, in this content area.

The percent of students who scored at each performance level on the STS for reading/language arts and mathematics are reported for schools, districts, counties, and the state.

The scale score that divides basic scores from below basic is 300 for every grade. The score that divides basic scores from proficient scores is 350 for every grade. Tables that include the score range for each grade level and performance level can be found on the Technical Report and Studies web page. The target is for all California students to score at proficient or above.